Energy, Volume 60, 1 October 2013, Pages 292-301.
I. Santiago, M.A. López-Rodríguez, A. Gil-de-Castro, A. Moreno-Munoz, J.J. Luna-Rodríguez.
Universidad de Córdoba, Departamento A.C., Electrónica y T.E., Escuela Politécnica Superior, Campus de Rabanales, E-14071 Córdoba, Spain
In this work, energy losses and the economic consequences of the use of small appliances containing power electronics (PE) in the Spanish residential sector were estimated. Audiovisual devices emit harmonics, originating in the distribution system an increment in wiring losses and a greater demand in the total apparent power. Time Use Surveys (2009–10) conducted by the National Statistical Institute in Spain were used to obtain information about the activities occurring in Spanish homes regarding the use of audiovisual equipment.
Moreover, measurements of different types of household appliances available in the PANDA database were also utilized, and the active and non-active annual power demand of these residential-sector devices were determined. Although a single audiovisual device has an almost negligible contribution, the aggregated actions of this type of appliances, whose total annual energy demand is greater than 4000 GWh, can be significant enough to be taken into account in any energy efficiency program. It was proven that a reduction in the total harmonic distortion in the distribution systems ranging from 50% to 5% can reduce energy losses significantly, with economic savings of around several million Euros.