Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2014, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 805-812.
Pankaj Tiwari, Suddhasatwa Basu.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, 110016, India.
Redox cycling of Ni-based anode induces cell degradation which limits the cell’s lifetime during solid oxide fuel cell operation. In the present study, the redox testing of electrolyte-supported cells has been investigated with TiO2-added NiO–YSZ anode matrix. Button cells were fabricated by die-pressing YSZ powder as electrolyte, and onto which NiO–YSZ or NiO–TiO2–YSZ anode and LSM–YSZ composite cathode were painted. The electrochemical performance and stability have been evaluated by measuring current–voltage characteristics followed by impedance spectroscopy after each redox cycling. Anode matrices before and after cell operation have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental dispersive X-ray (EDX), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). During cell operation the peak power density decreases from 111 mW cm−2 (239 mA cm−2) to 84 mW cm−2 (188 mA cm−2) between 23 and 128 h with five redox cycles for cell having NiO–YSZ (40:60) anode. But for cell with NiO–TiO2–YSZ (30:10:60), the anode peak power density was constant and stable around 85 mW cm−2 (194 mA cm−2) throughout the cell run of 130 h and five redox cycles. No loss in the open circuit voltage was observed. SEM and XRD studies of NiO–TiO2–YSZ (30:10:60) anodes revealed formation of ZrTiO4, which may be responsible for inhibition of Ni coarsening leading to stable cell performance.