Inhibition of CO poisoning on Pt catalyst coupled with the reduction of toxic hexavalent chromium in a dual-functional fuel cell.

Scientific Reports, 4, 7450. 2014.

Dong Young Chung, Hyoung-il Kim, Young-Hoon Chung, Myeong Jae Lee, Sung Jong Yoo, Alok D. Bokare, Wonyong Choi, Yung-Eun Sung.

Center for Nanoparticle Research, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea &

Fuel cell Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, 39-1 Hawolgok-dong, Seoul 136-791, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

We propose a method to enhance the fuel cell efficiency with the simultaneous removal of toxic heavy metal ions. Carbon monoxide (CO), an intermediate of methanol oxidation that is primarily responsible for Pt catalyst deactivation, can be used as an in-situ reducing agent for hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)) with reactivating the CO-poisoned Pt catalyst. Using electro-oxidation measurements, the oxidation of adsorbed CO molecules coupled with the concurrent conversion of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) was confirmed. This concept was also successfully applied to a methanol fuel cell to enhance its performance efficiency and to remove toxic Cr (VI) at the same time.

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Significance Statement: 

A new method to enhance hybrid fuel cell efficiency with the simultaneous removal of toxic heavy metal ions is proposed in this paper.

Inhibition of CO poisoning on Pt catalyst coupled with the reduction of toxic hexavalent chromium in a dual-functional fuel cell. .Renewable Energy Global Innovations

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