Zero ghg emission sustainable energy system

Significance Statement

 

Many documents in EU and other countries in the world are dealing with changes in energy system, with final goal of attaining greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions reduction. One of the proposed changes is a transition to “low carbon society” (LCS), eliminating man-made CO2 emissions up to 95%. On the other side, in different new energy scenario up to 30% growth of the emissions until year 2030 is forecast (BP, Shell, IEA), because of the expected population growth particularly in the cities, economic development, etc.

Life on planet Earth is based on the carbon compound with hydrogen and oxygen including many other elements (even the photosynthesis is not possible without CO2), therefore the question is whether we should go to LCS or to the sustainable carbon recycling society (CRS). Vision of the new sustainable energy system (SES) based on the carbon recycling with solar and planetary energy opens the way for smooth transition from present energy system, using fossil fuels (mostly accumulated solar energy in past millenniums) to a new one in the cities and everywhere. SES is based on the existing infrastructure and known chemical reactions. With regards to available renewable energy resources (RES) it is unrestricted in comparison to present fossil fuels use. It is applicable in all environments and can be locally self-sufficient. In this way the environment improvement, energy independence and high quality of life are enabled. To fulfill the daily energy needs of different consumers, the new energy system has to fulfill the following six main requirements:

  • Source of energy must be inexhaustible, available everywhere on the planet,
  • Zero emission of GHG by burning of the new fuels,
  • Available on any place and any time (in all present form of energy: solid, liquid, gaseous fuel and electricity),
  • Must be compatible with existing infrastructure with minor adaptation,
  • Implementation has to go in parallel with the present energy system,
  • Should be competitive (with fossil fuels price which include all external – non acknowledged environmental costs).

To fulfill these entire requirements we propose a sustainable energy system consisting of three main energy carriers, needed in any settlement: electricity from RES, synthetic methane (CH4) and synthetic methanol (CH3OH). The last two are the only energy carriers in the nature with one carbon (in our case from biomass) with four hydrogen’s (coming in the future from electrolysis of water or other solar processes). To these two, we can add transitional hybrid fuels dimethyleter (CH3OCH3 consisting of one oxygen and two methyl groups – two carbons and six hydrogen atoms) and synthetic diesel, produced from cities organic waste and biomass. All these energy carriers can be used in the existing energy transformation equipment in industry, transportation and buildings. From analysis in the articles it is evident that all six criteria for sustainability of the new system can be fulfilled, of course in different countries on different ways. Sustainable energy system has no GHG emissions, because CO2 and water are recycled in nature. With regards to the energy source – the sun, sustainable energy system is forever and can supply with energy a population of more than 10 billion on the Earth.

 

ZERO GHG EMMISSION SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SYSTEM renewable energy global innovations

Sustainable energy system with zero emissions GHG for cities countries - renewable energy global innovations

Journal Reference

Sustainable energy system with zero emissions of GHG for cities and countries

Energy and Buildings, Volume 98, 1 July 2015, Pages 27–33.

Peter Novak,

Energotech Ltd., EEA SC1, Pod kostanji 8, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Abstract

Many documents in EU and other countries in the world are dealing with changes in energy system, with final goal of attaining greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions reduction. Vision of the new Sustainable Energy System (SES) is based on the carbon recycling using solar and planetary energy. Sustainable energy system is based on the existing infrastructure and known chemical reactions. With regards to available renewable energy resources (RES) it is unrestricted in comparison to present fossil fuels use.

The proposed sustainable energy system consists of the three main energy carriers, needed in any settlement: electricity from RES, synthetic methane (CH4) and synthetic methanol (CH3OH). The last two are the only energy carriers in nature with one carbon (in our case from biomass) with four hydrogen’s (coming in the future from electrolysis of water or other solar processes). To these two, we can add transitional hybrid fuels dimethylether (CH3OCH3 – consisting of one oxygen and two methyl groups – two carbons and six hydrogen atoms) and synthetic diesel, produced from cities’ organic waste and biomass. All these energy carriers can be used in the existing energy transformation equipment in industry, transportation and buildings. Sustainable energy system has no GHG emissions, because CO2 and water are recycled in nature.

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About the author

Prof. Dr. PETER NOVAK

Born 1937, Novo mesto, Slovenia.  Professor Emeritus from 1998 and honorary professor at Faculty for Technologies and Systems, Novo mesto.

Full professor and Chief Laboratory for HVAC and Solar Energy all at Fac. of Mech. Eng. Ljubjana, Dean of Faculty, Dean of High School for Technologies and Systems, Novo mesto and Director of the Institute for High-technologies and Systems. Presently: Vice-chairman of Scientific Committee at European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen.

Scientific Activities: Heat and mass transfer in buildings and building equipment. Hi was involved in preparation of regulations and standards related to energy and environment, special for building thermal envelope design and air pollution, specialist for renewable, solar technology, building energy certification, etc. For his activities become: Honorary Member of IIR, 2003, Fellow and Life Member of ASHRAE 1999; Honorary Member of REHVA, SITHOK and SLOSE.

Publications and Mentorship: Author and co-author of more than 430, scientific papers, studies, reviews, owner of 10 patents, mentor of 20 PhD students, more than 25 Master students and more than 300 engineering students.

Publication information’s are available, from 1980 on www.COBISS.si, Slovenian cooperative online bibliographic system under No. 00956, (< 700 units)

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