Transport energy consumption and saving in China

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 29, January 2014, Pages 641-655.

Y.F. Wang, K.P. Li, X.M. Xu, Y.R. Zhang


School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China and

State Key Laboratory of Rail Traffic Control and Safety, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China




At present, the global energy consumption of transport sectors is about one third of the total energy consumption of the world, such a proportion in China accounts for about 20%. Over the past decades, with the continuous development of China’s economy, China’s energy consumption increases rapidly, China became the world’s biggest energy consumer in the year of 2009. Meanwhile, China’s transport energy consumption grows greatly, and the proportion of the transport terminal energy consumption is expanding considerably.

Recently, a number of theoretical methods and technical schemes focusing on China’s transport energy consumption and saving were reported. In this paper, by reviewing the existing reports, we discuss and analyze the current status of China’s transport energy consumption including four different transport sectors: road, railway, waterway and civil aviation, and outline the trend of China’s transport energy consumption and the four sectors. In addition, the technology status of China’s energy saving in road, railway and waterway transport as well as civil aviation and their development direction are also presented. Here by analyzing the major development barriers of the technology and policy of China’s transport energy saving, some related policy suggestions are proposed.

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Featured Author

Yuan-Feng Wang is a professor in school of Civil Engineering at Beijing Jiaotong University, China. He obtained his bachelor, master and Ph.D. in the department of Civil Engineering at Harbin Institute of Technology in 1985, 1988 and 1992, respectively. He worked as a postdoctor in the department of Airplane at Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China, as a visiting scholar in the department of Civil and Environment Engineering at Duke University, USA, and as a DAAD(Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst)scholar in the department of Civil Engineering at Hannover University, Germany.

Dr. Wang pursues a broad range of research interests that include life cycle assessment(LCA), life cycle energy assessment(LECA) of bridges and buildings, comprehensive sustainability assessment of bridges based on reliability integrated with LCA and life cycle cost(LCC), long-term behaviors(creep and durability) of concrete material and structures, and dynamic properties(damping) and response of concrete structures.

Dr. Wang is the author of three academic monographs and he has published more than 200 journal and conference papers including almost 40 papers in prestigious international journals, one in Nature. He owned 8 software copyrights and 2 patents in China. He served as a committee member of 4 China’s national code committees such as China’s National Standard for Building’s Energy Conservation.

Dr. Wang is also a writer and has published 2 novels describing young Chinese intellectuals’ life and thinking in 1995 and 2002, repectively. He frequently writes comment articles on science, education, sustainability, economy as well as world affairs for some influential Chinese newspapers. He has published more than 100 newspaper articles in newspapers such as the People’s Daily in China and United Morning Post in Singapore.

E-mail: [email protected]


Transport energy consumption and saving in China

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