Effect of substrate thickness on oxide scale spallation for solid oxide fuel cells

W.N. Liu, X. Sun, E. Stephens, M. Khaleel
Corrosion Science,Volume 53, Issue 7, July 2011

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of the ferritic interconnect thickness on the delamination/spallation of the oxide scale was investigated experimentally and numerically. At the operating environment of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), a combination of growth stress with thermal stresses may lead to scale delamination/buckling and eventual spallation during SOFC stack cooling, even leading to serious degradation of cell performance. The experimental and numerical results show that the interfacial shear stresses increase with the growth of the oxide scale and also with the thickness of the ferritic substrate, i.e., the thick ferritic substrate can easily lead to scale delamination and spallation.

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