Bioresour Technol. 2013 ;135:309-15.
Xin F, He J.
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Singapore.
Kluyvera species strain OM3 isolated from spent mushroom substrate could produce a high level of cellulase-free xylanase (5.12 U/mL). This xylanase showed maximum activities at 70 °C and pH 8.0, which could retain 100% and 71% activity after 1h incubation at 60 °C and 70 °C, and maintain stability over a wide range of pHs (5.0-9.0), indicating its thermal and pH stability. Moreover, the xylanase could hydrolyze untreated lignocellulosics (e.g., palm oil fiber) to reducing sugars with a yield of 27.1-46.9 mg/g. A co-culture consisting of Kluyvera sp. strain OM3 and Clostridium sp. strain BOH3 could directly convert birchwood xylan to 1.2g/L butanol, which was comparable to the amount of butanol (1.7 g/L) generated via separate hydrolysis by the xylanase and fermentation by Clostridium sp. strain BOH3. This is the first report on the production, characterization of a xylanase from genus Kluyvera and its application for butanol production directly from hemicelluloses.
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